6th Annotated Bib

Palis, Courteney. “How Essential is the Internet to the US?” Huffington Post., inc. Mar. 20, 2012. Apr. 6, 2014. <;

This article explains the importance of the internet. It includes infographics, which are probably the most vital information. While it’s not very lengthy, this article is good because it provides links to information expanding on certain facts such as the amount of people that use the internet, the amount of things bought online, etc. The infographics also compare the internet to other industries with regard to the economy and spending money. This is an important article because it establishes the importance of the internet and the online world. It shows that people are moving to the internet for everything. And while the popularity of the internet was already obvious, there are now facts to use. This will set the groundwork in my paper for why any business would benefit from having an online presence and why they should have a blog.

Annotated Bib

Cromie, Jenny. “5 Ways Blogging Can Make You a Better Writer.” ProBlogger. N.p., 26 Jan. 2009. Web. 05 Apr. 2014. <;

The author of this writer is actually coming from a background of where he felt that blogging was detrimental to a writer’s skill’s, but soon did a complete 360 on his views once he started participating in blogging and came to the conclusion that blogging actually makes writers better at writing. The first way he states that blogging can make a writer better at writing is through the discovering one’s own voice. He states that in school and at work, most people are forced to write in a technical manner. This tone is forced upon them in the form of duties and responsibilities. On the other hand, writing blogs allows the writer to explore his personal voice in consequence to the lack of restrictions imposed by the medium. He states that the best blogs are the ones that have the best personal observations and assertions. Another way he says that blogging helps writers become better at writing is through their ability to get direct feedback from readers. Sometimes when we write we wonder whether the topic of the blog will be relevant to anybody, with blogging we can get the answer to these questions pretty directly and quickly. He also states that blogging requires you to be disciplined due to its requirement of posting frequently in a creative manner. With reader that are dependent on your content, you feel both inspired and required to write in your blogs. Lastly, he states that blogging makes you more time efficient. It requires you to write more frequently, therefore making your writing skills more keen as practice makes perfect.

Annotated Bibliography 4

“Sattar Beheshti Murder Case Closed” International Campaign For Human Rights In Iran. December 6, 2014. Web. March. 2014.

After having died from torture related injuries in November of 2013, Sattar Beheshti, a laborer and Iranian blogger who had been arrested by Iran’s Cyber Police, is wronged again as the Iranian government throws out the murder trial against his interrogator and opts for a lesser charge of “quasi murder” After a judgement of this kind, the family of Beheshti must open an entirely new case into their sons murder. Interestingly the court chose to say that their entire system was at fault and so no one person could be punished for the torture. On the surface this sounds like an admittance of a system that needs changing, however, the startling omissions in their final report go on to conclude that while “Sattar did receive blows…the blows were not fatal.” They go on to claim that his is one of those weird cases where the cause of death is unknow. Unknown… even when his fellow inmates spoke of his torture and a medical report that was part of the case concluded that “he suffered from hemorrhaging in his liver, lungs and cerebellum, keeping oxygen from reaching the different parts of his body, and has slowly died.” While Sattar did not run what most would consider a major blog, his posted criticism of the Islamic Republic and statements speaking out about their judicial system were enough to get his family threatened and apparently warrant arrest, torture and death. Mere days before his death, Beheshti published a complaint to the prison via a website and stated “I want to write that if anything happens to me, the police are responsible.”  This is all important, especially in my paper topic because it again highlights the incredible depths the Iranian Govt will go to in order to silence those who might speak out against their oppressions. Continuing further with the subject of Beheshti, I plan to look deeper into his case, read the blog he was writing and find out what, if any, positive effects his story has had on the Iranian blogging community. Hopefully there are some positives out there to help combat this atrocity.

4th Annotated Bib

Emerson, F. Melissa. “Blogging to Build Your Business” New York Times. New York Times Company. Jun 22, 2012. Web. Mar 20, 2014. <>

This article provides insight from a professional blogger. It’s a general how-to article with real life examples and personal opinions from someone who has already been successful at blogging. He explains how he personally became popular and successful and then goes on to offer tips and suggestions. This article is useful because it pays particular attention to the social aspect of blogging- the importance of viewers and the importance of establishing a community with other bloggers.

2nd Annotated Bib

Eridon, Corey. “The Benefits of Blogging: Why Businesses Do It, and You Should Too.” Hubspot. Hubspot Inc. Nov 3, 2013. Web. Mar 1, 2014. <>

While this isn’t necessarily an article, I found it very useful because it focused on why businesses might need or benefit from blogging. This article also not only speaks on why blogging helps businesses it but it also offers some advice on how to blog to help. This article points out that businesses can gain more traffic, potential customers, and credibility. First, hee outlines traffic; a business blog can attract people simply by the tagging system. By blogging about things that vaguely have to do with a product or service, they could gain traffic to their blog. Once there is traffic to the blog, these people may share it with others or they may become interested in the blog and eventually become a customer. To attract these people, Eridon suggests putting “call-to-action” buttons and ads on the blog that offer free items. They may give their information to a website to redeem the free item; this allows for a mailing list where a person may be convinced to buy from the business. By blogging and having a seemingly more personable website that where customers can ask questions or make comments about information provided, the website gains more credibility. Customers see information about the item/service as well as feedback and support from the blog makers and they see that the business is interactive and legitimate.

Annotated Bibliography 2

“Restrictions on Internet Access and Mobile Apps Grow During Rouhani Administration.” International Campaign For Human Rights In Iran. January 9, 2014. Web. March. 2014.

In the article Restrictions on Internet Access and Mobile Apps Grow During Rouhani Administration, it becomes quite apparent that the problem of sharing and disseminating information is growing larger for Iranians even though an ease had been promised. During elections, then nominee Rouhani made bold promises that access to social media and all manner of platforms for writing, discussing and sharing the news and other bits of information that many find to be an implied freedom, would not be restricted under his administration. Unfortunately, as this article points out, since Rouhanis’ installation as President of Iran, access to dozens of popular apps and sites have been either restricted or eliminated all together. They have gone so far as to block apps like Tang, Viber, WhatsApp, Instagram and many others. As Rouhani told NBC after his election “The viewpoint of government is that people should have access to all international information. Our monitoring and observations should be in the framework of protecting our national identity and moral values.” Herein lies the problem. Not everyone in Iran holds the same values as Rouhani, apparently. In order to circumvent the statements he’s previously made, apps like WeChat are identified as being a cause of marital trouble and are thus blocked as being a violation of moral values. It is silly distinctions like these that many governments, like our own, are able to effect policies that were never intended to be used in that manner. This article fits perfectly in line with my thesis and paper topic, as it illustrates clearly the need for bloggers and information sharers to continue to fight for their freedom of speech and overcome the tyrannical duct-taping of their digital mouths. It’s most interesting to me, having previously assumed that Rouhani was going to be a better leader for their country, that he actually adopts many of the same policies of his predecessor, albeit in a much more sly and underhanded way. His administrations actions in this manner will be something I keep a much closer eye on as I develop my paper.

1st Annotated Bib

“Top 10 Reasons to Start a Blog.” Gunelius, Susan. About. np. nd. 22 Feb 2014.

This article is really more of a list/outline but I think it is useful because it is a brief summary of all the ways blogging can help a person. Many reasons, while not directly related to business or making money, can be used to further money-making. It briefly outlines that blogging gives a person credibility, gets attention, and can also earn money. Blogging is also excellent for making connections and meeting new people. It is a platform that can be used for promoting yourself or a product or future endeavors and people can become interested and offer advice or support. This article also gives links to other helpful articles that talk about why someone should blog as well as aspects of blogging brought up in this article; there are links to articles on advertising on blogs and other income generators that can be installed.

Annotated Bibliography 1

Dale, Helle. “Iranian Bloggers on the Frontline Against Oppression” The Foundry.  February 9, 2012. Web. 23 Feb. 2014.


The article I’ve chosen to look at covers the topic of the severe level of danger that exists in Iran, for those who disseminate their thoughts, ideas, and the things they see, over the internet, and more specifically, through blogs. Through the story of an Iranian, Mehdi Khazali, the at one time editor of Baran blog, and son of Ayatollah Abolghasem Khazali, a member of the Council of Guardians of the Iranian Constitution, this article tells of the extreme lengths that the Iranian government will go to to keep dissident speech under wraps. Khazali was arrested, sentenced to 14 years imprisonment, 10 years internal exile and 70 lashes for speaking out against the atrocities of his government, something that is a clear freedom we hold here in America. Providing a very short list of other bloggers who have been arrested in the name of Iranian safety, this article quotes Iran’s intelligent minister Heydar Moslehi on why it’s acceptable to arrest their citizens, they “envisaged carrying out American plans to disrupt the parliamentary elections by using cyber-space and social networks.” This article is short and to the point, but it made a quick impact on me with the details of Khazali’s imprisonment. I”m not sure that this will be the most helpful source in my search for information on the oppression of government and why it’s important to keep fighting for freedom of speech, but it certainly helped to point me in the direction of what I’m looking for. I plan to do quite a bit more reading on Khazali, who apparently found ways, while imprisoned (that are not expounded on in the article) to fight back, even without his blog. In the meantime, this source has helped to shape my original argument into a more refined idea. Originally I was thinking about governments in general, but the sheer magnitude of Iran’s efforts to squash the rights of it’s people, as brought out by this article, made Iran my number one priority. I’m now armed with a starting list of bloggers who’s stories I can investigate, and eventually relate into a coherent argument as to why bloggers need to fight to keep control of their freedom to speak and write what they wish.